Uganda is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The total fertility rate for Uganda was 5.4 children per woman in 2016. (1) The rate of in institutional birth in Uganda increased from 37% in 2000-01 to 73% in 2016, with births attended by a skilled birth attendant increasing from 37% to 74% of births over the same time period. (1) The maternal mortality rate (MMR) decreased in response to the increase in institutional births/skilled birth attendance, from 578 per 100,000 livebirths in 2000, to 375 per 100,000 in 2019. (2) Nonetheless, women in Uganda face a 1 in 49 lifetime risk of maternal death. (2) Similarly, forty two percent of under-5 mortality occurs during the neonatal period (1) with the Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) in 2019 reported as 20 in 1,000 livebirths. (3)
- Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) and ICF. Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Kampala: UBOS and ICF, 2016.
- WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, et al. Trends in maternal mortality: 2000 to 2017: estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, The World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2019.
- United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2020, Estimates developed by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. New York, 2020.